NutraBio Fighter Fuel - 20 Servings

    Fighter Fuel - 20 Servings

    FF
    2.00 pounds
    $69.99
    $43.99
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    • Description
    • Supplement Facts
    • Dietary Restrictions
    • Reviews
    • Research Listings
    • Test Results

    Fighter Fuel - 20 Servings Description

    ADVANCED CYCLIC DEXTRIN INFUSED PRE‑WORKOUT FOR ENDURANCE ATHLETES

    HOW DOES FIGHTER FUEL WORK?

    • Maximize exercise capacity and output.
    • Supercharge training intensity, focus and drive.
    • Increase muscle strength, endurance and striking power.
    • Boost Nitric Oxide (NO) to help signal and regulate muscle growth.
    • Buffer lactic acid to prevent muscle burning sensation.
    • Build resistance to muscular fatigue.
    • Accelerate ATP re-synthesis.
    • Improve electrolyte balance.
    • Help prevent cramping.

    Fighter Fuel: A Low Stim Pre-Workout Scientifically Formulated for Endurance Athletes

    Men's Fighter Fuel is a pre-workout supplement designed specifically for MMA and endurance athletes to supercharge training intensity and provide continuous, steady energy throughout workouts. It is scientifically formulated to deliver the vital nutrients needed to increase muscle strength and endurance, build resistance to muscular fatigue, improve mental focus and intensify workouts so you can train harder and longer.

    Every active ingredient in Men's Fighter Fuel is provided in a full therapeutic dose and for a specific purpose. Take a deeper look into the formula and you will find:

    • Clinical doses of 16 research-backed ingredients.
    • 15 grams of highly branched cyclic dextrin to rapidly fuel muscles with steady state glycogen to enhance performance.
    • 4 grams of L-Citrulline to increase nitric oxide production, reduce fatigue, and improve endurance.
    • 3.5 grams of L-Leucine to help prevent muscle catabolism and lessen recovery time between sessions.
    • 2.5 gram of betaine anhydrous to support creatine production, increase power and strength output and protect cells from dehydration.
    • 3 grams of PharmaPure™ creatine monohydrate for greater strength, power, and muscle growth.
    • 100mg of caffeine anhydrous to boost energy, improve focus, and provide greater training intensity.
    • 100mcg of Huperzine A to promote a strong mind-muscle connection and supercharge mental focus.

    As with all NutraBio products, Men's Fighter Fuel contains no banned substances, fillers, additives, or mystery dosages hidden in a proprietary blend.  What you see is what you get, and NutraBio is 100% legitimate while being 110% committed to bringing you the cleanest products ever created. You TRAIN WITHOUT COMPROMISE, and we have put every ounce of effort into designing Men's Fighter Fuel WITHOUT COMPROMISE.

    See What Others Have To Say About NutraBio Fighter Fuel

    • Check out PricePlow's independent review of NutraBio Fighter Fuel
    • "Just received this product yesterday. I have experimented with many pre-workout supplements. After seeing this new revised formula in Green Apple I figured I would give it a try. I definitely do not regret it. By far the best pre-workout formula I have experienced yet, both in terms of feel and flavor. Low stimulant, but great natural energy overall."  - Brian from Florida via nutrabio.com
    • "I like this a lot. I have tried several pre-workouts, this is my favorite. Not too much caffeine and enough boost to help you push through." – Jason from Illinois via nutrabio.com

    The Science Behind NutraBio Men's Fighter Fuel

    A closer look at the 16 ingredients and dosages used to make NutraBio Men's Fighter Fuel the premier low stim pre-workout on the market.

    Glycogen & ATP Preload System

    Highly Branched Cyclic Dextrin (as ClusterDextrin®)

    • Cyclic Dextrin is a clinically studied carbohydrate that is rapidly absorbed and provides fuel (glycogen) to working muscles.
    • Cluster Dextrin is highly soluble and promotes fast gastric emptying times; virtually eliminating any gastric distress associated with less advanced carbohydrates.
    • Cluster Dextrin maintains a slow release, offering the ideal interaction between carbohydrate breakdown and the natural release of free fatty acids. The result: superior carbohydrate absorption and superior endurance. 
    • In a 2013 human clinical trial of Cluster Dextrin, 24 adult male athletes showed that during cycling exercise, the group administered 15 grams of Cluster Dextrin performed better than those who took the same amount of a maltodextrin.
    • Unlike other formulations using Cluster Dextrin that have dextrose or maltodextrin hidden in the "other ingredients," NutraBio uses only pure Cluster Dextrin.

    PharmaPure™ Creatine Monohydrate

    • Creatine is a compound produced in the body that serves as the primary fuel source (ATP) for short duration, high-intensity activities such as sprinting and weight lifting.  Creatine is stored primarily in muscle tissue and is used for rephosphorylating ADP into ATP. This means that when our muscles use up our energy stores, creatine helps to replenish those stores in a relatively rapid manner.  Approximately 2 grams of creatine are found in individuals that do not supplement and maintain a diet including animal based proteins.  Those who do supplement can increase their body's internal creatine pool by 10 to 40% depending on diet and total lean muscle mass.
    • As a whole creatine is arguably the most extensively researched and effective supplement available today.  Over 500 studies exist on the ergogenic benefits of creatine supplementation with over 70% of these studies producing significant improvements in performance without any detrimental side effects.
    • Creatine has been proven to increase lean muscle mass, maximal strength, power, and muscular endurance. 
    • Creatine may also help keep you hydrated in extreme outdoor conditions.
    • Emerging research suggests creatine may provide cognitive and overall brain health benefits.
    • The ISSN (International Society of Sports Nutrition) position stand on creatine monohydrate (CM) found that short-term CM supplementation has been reported to improve maximal power/strength (5–15%), work performed during sets of maximal effort muscle contractions (5–15%), single-effort sprint performance (1–5%), and work performed during repetitive sprint performance (5–15%). Long-term CM supplementation appears to enhance the overall quality of training, leading to 5 to 15% greater gains in strength and performance.

    L-Alanine

    • L-Alanine is a free-form non-essential amino acid. The liver can convert L-Alanine into glucose which can be used as an energy source during exercise.
    • L-Alanine is an excellent addition to your pre-workout energy drink because it serves as muscular fuel for increasing power, strength and endurance for performance athletes.
    • L-Alanine can also function as an inhibitory or calming neurotransmitter in the brain.

    Power, Strength & Endurance Complex

    L-Citrulline (fermented)(Kyowa Quality)

    • L-Citrulline is an amino acid that plays a significant role in nitric oxide metabolism and regulation.
    • It is converted to L-Arginine in the body to support L-Arginine and nitric oxide levels.
    • Increased production of nitric oxide (NO) promotes vascular dilation which improves oxygen and blood circulation throughout the body.
    • L-Citrulline is also expected to relieve muscle fatigue through ammonia elimination.
    • A 2015 study conducted by Bailey et al. found subjects who supplemented with 6000mg L-Citrulline for seven days were able to improve oxygen uptake and performance during high-intensity exercise.

    L-Leucine (fermented natural)

    • Leucine is one of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). By itself it can stimulate muscle protein synthesis; the process responsible for muscle growth and recovery.  This is why it is often referred to as the "main" amino acid.
    • Supplementation with at least 2/grams daily has been shown to decrease muscle soreness, lessen recovery time between workouts, and increase lean muscle mass.
    • Howatson et al. (2012) discovered that leucine (combined with isoleucine and valine) administered before muscle damaging resistance exercises reduced indices of muscle damage and accelerated recovery in resistance-trained males.
    • NutraBio's leucine is derived from fermented vegetable sources as opposed to animal-based sources.

    CarnoSyn® Beta-Alanine

    • Beta-alanine (BA) is a version of the amino acid alanine which serves as the precursor to carnosine (β-alanyl-L-histidine) in skeletal muscle.  Supplementing with BA is a highly effective means of increasing muscle carnosine content.  Increased muscle carnosine helps buffer the adverse side effects of hydrogen ion accumulation in muscles as exercise intensity increases.
    • Beta-Alanine supplementation has been linked to improved exercise performance and delayed fatigue at higher intensities in both trained and untrained individuals in events lasting 1-4 minutes. 
    • Increases in lean muscle mass and muscular endurance have also been noted with supplementation.
    • A recent meta-analysis confirmed the ergogenic effects of beta-alanine, showing a 2.85% increase in exercise performance compared to placebo when dosed at ~2/grams daily.

    Betaine Anhydrous

    • Betaine, scientifically referred to as Trimethylglycine, is a metabolite of choline.  Betaine's two main functions in the body are as a methyl donor and osmolyte.  As an osmolyte, betaine protects proteins, cells, and enzymes from heat, dehydration, and other physiological stresses.  As a methyl donor, betaine is used to convert homocysteine to L-methionine, and is, therefore, a precursor to creatine.
    • Doses of 2500-6000mg betaine daily may increase muscular strength, endurance, and total training volume.
    • Betaine also plays a role in hepatic fat metabolism, promoting muscle protein synthesis, and has been suggested to increase nitric oxide levels.
    • A study conducted by the University of Connecticut found that individuals supplementing with 1.25 grams of betaine twice/daily increased bench press power by 20%.

    L-Aspartic Acid

    • L-Aspartic Acid is a non-essential amino acid that plays a vital role in energy production.
    • It is one of the components necessary to move high-energy NADH (nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide) molecules from the main body of a cell to its mitochondria, or primary energy-production areas.
    • Once there, the NADH is used to generate ATP, the energy that powers all cellular activity.
    • Supplementing with L-Aspartic Acid increases resistance to fatigue and allows athletes and bodybuilders to sustain longer workouts with greater performance, less fatigue, increased stamina and increased endurance.
    • Low levels of aspartic acid can cause chronic fatigue because it can lead to lowered cellular energy.

    Electrolyte Optimizer

    Taurine

    • Taurine is one of the most important, useful, and safest amino acids.  Taurine is best known for its beneficial effects on the heart and cardiovascular system. Early clinical research also suggests that taurine, in combination with caffeine, can produce improvements in mental performance.  When the body engages in extreme physical activity, it no longer will be able to produce the necessary amounts of taurine. Therefore supplementation becomes necessary.
    • Taurine is involved in the regulation of core body temperature and may help prevent heat stress and stroke.
    • Taurine also acts as an osmolyte; assisting the body in maintaining proper water balance.
    • Zhang et al. (2004) found that individuals who supplemented with taurine for one week before an exhaustive exercise bout significantly improved time to exhaustion, VO2 max, and maximal workload. It also decreased exercise-induced DNA damage.

    Calcium Potassium Phosphate Citrate (as TRAACS® Calci K) & Sodium Phosphate

    • Calcium, potassium, and phosphorus are vital electrolytes needed to maintain water balance and facilitate motor neuron function.
    • The combination of these electrolytes in CALCI-K are highly soluble and readily absorbed by the body.
    • Electrolytes have been shown to prevent muscle cramps and are essential to normal muscular contractions.
    • As we exercise, electrolytes are lost through sweat and must be replaced to prevent decreases in performance.
    • Sims et al. (2007) discovered that pre-exercise ingestion of a high-sodium beverage increased plasma volume before exercise and involved less thermoregulatory and perceived strain during exercise and increased exercise capacity in warm conditions.

    Focus & Drive Stimulator

    L-Tyrosine

    • Tyrosine is an essential amino acid whose primary role in the body is as the direct precursor to Thyroxine and the hormones dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine.
    • Tyrosine may improve both endurance and anaerobic performance via metabolic and neurotransmitter upregulation.
    • Tyrosine also improves mental acuity, focus, and mood by increasing levels of catecholamines found in the bloodstream.
    • A study done at the Naval Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory reported that a dose of L-Tyrosine, when provided to sleep-deprived subjects, ameliorated psychomotor performance declines associated with mental fatigue.

    Caffeine Anhydrous

    • Caffeine, like creatine, it one of the most studied and proven ergogenic (performance enhancing) aids. Although caffeine can affect a wide variety of motor and mental functions, it is most commonly used to improve endurance exercise, focus, cognitive performance, and improve energy levels.  Caffeine has also been shown to have a thermogenic effect (heating/calorie burning) at rest and may increase the use of fats for fuel during exercise.
    • The ISSN position stand on caffeine concluded:
      • Caffeine can act to enhance alertness and vigilance during times of exhaustive exercise that requires sustained focus.
      • Caffeine is an effective ergogenic aid for sustained maximal endurance activity and has also been shown to be very useful for enhancing time trial performance.
      • Caffeine can improve, not inhibit, glycogen resynthesis during the recovery phase of exercise.
      • Caffeine is beneficial for high-intensity exercise of prolonged duration. 

    Huperzine-A

    • Huperzine-A is a selective inhibitor of the neurotransmitter acetylcholinesterase (AChE), which means it prevents the breakdown and increases the amount of acetylcholine; an important neurotransmitter in the central nervous system involved in cognition and muscular contractions. 
    • Multiple studies have shown that supplementation with Huperzine-A can enhance focus, memory, and mood.
    • A study conducted by Sun et al. (1999) reported that subjects who supplemented with Huperzine-A for four weeks improved learning performance and memory compared to a placebo group.

    Men's Fighter Fuel FAQs

    What is the best way to take Men's Fighter Fuel?

    • As a dietary supplement, mix one scoop of Fighter Fuel into 8-12 ounces of cold water and consume 30 minutes before exercise. Vary the amount of water to achieve your desired flavor. Fighter Fuel is incredibly powerful; first-time users should begin use with 1/2 scoop or less to assess tolerance. DO NOT EXCEED 1 SCOOP IN ANY 24 HOUR PERIOD. For optimal results, drink a minimum of 1 gallon of water daily.

    Why are there carbs in Men's Fighter Fuel?

    • One of the most serious downfalls of pre-workout supplements is the absence of complex carbohydrates that are needed to fuel intense workouts and prevent muscle catabolism (the breakdown of muscle tissue for use as fuel). The primary source of muscle energy is ATP (adenosine triphosphate) which comes from glycogen stores in the liver and muscle tissue. During exercise, glycogen is broken down into glucose molecules which are converted to ATP to fuel muscle contraction. Amino acids from lean muscle tissue are mobilized to slow the depletion of glycogen and make up any glycogen shortfall during intense exercise. Fighter Fuel's carbohydrate formula contains complex carbohydrates which are used to top off glycogen stores to help prevent muscle tissue breakdown during training and give you consistent and sustainable energy.

    Can I take Fighter Fuel with other stimulants (i.e. coffee, fat burners)?

    • We don't recommend taking other stimulants with Fighter Fuel.

    I heard creatine can cause kidney problems and cause cramping.  Is that true?

    • Absolutely not.  Creatine is the most studied and effective supplement ever…period.  Over 500 studies have been done on creatine, and none have shown to cause any adverse side effects. However, you should expect to see big improvements in strength, power, and endurance after taking creatine. 

    What makes Fighter Fuel better than other low stim pre-workouts?

    • A lot of other low stim pre-workouts use ingredients that are ineffective or not properly dosed.  All the ingredient in Fighter Fuel are research backed and dosed efficaciously based on the current scientific literature.

    Fighter Fuel - 20 Servings Supplement Facts Panel, Label Image, and Suggested Use

    Ingredients may change from time to time as we update our products. Please check the label on the bottle.

    Label Image for NutraBio Fighter Fuel - 20 Servings
    Supplement Facts Panel for NutraBio Fighter Fuel - 20 Servings

    Suggested Use: As a dietary supplement, mix 1 scoop of Fighter Fuel into 8-12 ounces of cold water and consume 30 minutes prior to exercise. Vary the amount of water to achieve your desired flavor. Fighter Fuel is extremely powerful; first time users should begin use with 1/2 scoop or less to assess tolerance. DO NOT EXCEED 1 SCOOP IN ANY 24 HOUR PERIOD. For optimal results, drink a minimum of 1 gallon of water daily.

    WARNING: Not for use by individuals under the age of 18 years. Do not use if you are pregnant, breast feeding, sensitive to caffeine, have known medical conditions (including but not limited to heart, kidney, thyroid or liver disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, depression or other psychiatric condition, or seizure disorder), or are taking prescription or OTC medication(s). Consult with your health care practitioner before using this product. Do not exceed recommended dosage. Discontinue use immediately and consult with your health care professional if you experience any adverse reaction to this product including rapid heartbeat, dizziness, severe headache, shortness of breath or other similar symptoms. Contains 100 mg of caffeine per serving, equivalent to approx. 1 cup of coffee. Do not use with other caffeine or stimulant-containing medications, foods or beverages because too much caffeine may cause nervousness, irritability, sleeplessness and rapid heartbeat. Do not use under extreme conditions of heat, cardiovascular exertion or dehydration or if you are more than 15 pounds overweight. This product is intended for use by healthy individuals only. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.

    Fighter Fuel - 20 Servings Dietary Restriction Information

    Fighter Fuel - 20 Servings is...
    Please check individual labels. Flavors may vary.
    VegetarianXMay contain meat or animal products.
    HypoallergenicDesigned to lessen the chances of an allergic reaction.
    Gluten FreeDoes not contain gluten. Suitable for individuals on a gluten free diet.
    Filler FreeAbsolutely no fillers.
    Excipient FreeAbsolutely no excipients or chemical additives.
    BSE/TSE FreeFree of Bovine Spongiform Ecephalopathy (BSE) and Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE).
    GMPManufactured in the United States in NutraBio's FDA registered and inspected facility to meet FDA 21 CFR Part 111 c-GMP regulations.
    Full Label DisclosureFull label disclosure guaranteed!. Every ingredient in this product is declared on the label. In addition, the exact quantity of each active ingredient is declared on the label. No ingredients are hidden in proprietary blends, so you know exactly what's in the product.


    We guarantee our supplements to be the freshest and purest: Our powders and capsules contain only pure active ingredient with absolutely no additives. Other manufacturers, in an effort to keep costs down, dilute their products with cheap fillers and add chemical excipients to their products to speed up their manufacturing output. These practices cheat you out of the active ingredient. At NutraBio, we've perfected our manufacturing technology so that excipients aren't needed, that means no microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, silica or other fillers, just 100% pure active ingredient. NutraBio supplements are manufactured under the strictest standards producing the highest quality and purest supplements available anywhere. Our raw ingredients undergo state of the art HPLC analysis to insure zero tolerance for impurities and we manufacture our products every 2 weeks.

    Customer Reviews of This Item

    Average of 5.00 out of 5 from 2 raters
    Just received this product yesterday. I have experimented with many pre-workout supplements. After seeing this new revised formula in Green Apple I figured I would give it a try. I definitely do not regret it. By far the best pre workout formula I have experienced yet, both in terms of feel and flavor. Low stimulant, but great natural energy overall. I would definitely recommend this to everyone. My hope is that they can increase the quantity servings to get a little extra bang for the buck. At 20 servings it will get expensive to continuously use it daily. 
    Written by Brian from Titusville, FL
    I like this a lot. I have tried several pre-workouts, this is my favorite. Not too much caffeine and enough boost to help you push through.
    Written by Jason from Elgin, IL

    References:

    1. Takii, H., KOMETANI, T., NISHIMURA, T., KURIKI, T., & FUSHIKI, T. (2004). A sports drink based on highly branched cyclic dextrin generates few gastrointestinal disorders in untrained men during bicycle exercise. Food science and technology research, 10(4), 428-431.
    2. Kometani T, Takii H, Shiraki T, Nomura T. Endurance enhancing effect of cyclic cluster dextrin. FOOD Style21. 2003;7:62–65.
    3. Takii, H., Takii, N. Y., Kometani, T., Nishimura, T., Nakae, T., Kuriki, T., & Fushiki, T. (2005). Fluids containing a highly branched cyclic dextrin influence the gastric emptying rate. International journal of sports medicine,26(4), 314-319.
    4. Furuyashiki, T., Tanimoto, H., Yokoyama, Y., Kitaura, Y., Kuriki, T., & Shimomura, Y. (2014). Effects of ingesting highly branched cyclic dextrin during endurance exercise on rating of perceived exertion and blood components associated with energy metabolism. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 78(12), 2117-2119.
    5. Takii, H., Ishihara, K., Kometani, T., Okada, S., & Fushiki, T. (1999). Enhancement of swimming endurance in mice by highly branched cyclic dextrin. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry, 63(12), 2045-2052.
    6. Buford TW, Kreider RB, Stout JR, Greenwood M, Campbell B, Spano M, Ziegenfuss T, Lopez H, Landis J, Antonio J: International Society of Sports Nutrition position stand: creatine supplementation and exercise. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 2007, 4:6.
    7. Earnest CP, Snell PG, Rodriguez R, Almada AL, Mitchell TL: The effect of creatine monohydrate ingestion on anaerobic power indices, muscular strength and body composition. Acta physiologica Scandinavica 1995, 153:207-209.
    8. Kreider RB, Ferreira M, Wilson M, Grindstaff P, Plisk S, Reinardy J, Cantler E, Almada AL: Effects of creatine supplementation on body composition, strength, and sprint performance. Medicine and science in sports and exercise 1998, 30:73-82.
    9. Lopez, R. M., Casa, D. J., McDermott, B. P., Ganio, M. S., Armstrong, L. E., & Maresh, C. M. (2009). Does creatine supplementation hinder exercise heat tolerance or hydration status? A systematic review with meta-analyses. Journal of athletic training, 44(2), 215-223.
    10. Candow, D. G., Chilibeck, P. D., Burke, D. G., Mueller, K. D., & Lewis, J. D. (2011). Effect of different frequencies of creatine supplementation on muscle size and strength in young adults. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(7), 1831-1838.
    11. McConell, G. K., Shinewell, J., Stephens, T. J., Stathis, C. G., Canny, B. J., & Snow, R. J. (2005). Creatine supplementation reduces muscle inosine monophosphate during endurance exercise in humans. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 37(12), 2054.
    12. Rae, C., Digney, A. L., McEwan, S. R., & Bates, T. C. (2003). Oral creatine monohydrate supplementation improves brain performance: a double–blind, placebo–controlled, cross–over trial. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences, 270(1529), 2147-2150.
    13. Felig, P. (1973). The glucose-alanine cycle. Metabolism, 22(2), 179-207.
    14. Bailey, S. J., Blackwell, J. R., Lord, T., Vanhatalo, A., Winyard, P. G., & Jones, A. M. (2015). L-citrulline supplementation improves O2 uptake kinetics and high-intensity exercise performance in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 119(4), 385-395.
    15. Suzuki, T., Morita, M., Kobayashi, Y., & Kamimura, A. (2016). Oral L-citrulline supplementation enhances cycling time trial performance in healthy trained men: Double-blind randomized placebo-controlled 2-way crossover study. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 13(1), 6.
    16. Hickner, R. C., Tanner, C. J., Evans, C. A., Clark, P. D., Haddock, A., Fortune, C., ... & Mccammon, M. (2006). L-citrulline reduces time to exhaustion and insulin response to a graded exercise test. Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 38(4), 660-666.
    17. Ochiai, M., Hayashi, T., Morita, M., Ina, K., Maeda, M., Watanabe, F., & Morishita, K. (2012). Short-term effects of L-citrulline supplementation on arterial stiffness in middle-aged men. International journal of cardiology, 155(2), 257-261.
    18. Hobson, R. M., Saunders, B., Ball, G., Harris, R. C., & Sale, C. (2012). Effects of β-alanine supplementation on exercise performance: a meta-analysis. Amino acids, 43(1), 25-37.
    19. Stout, J. R., Cramer, J. T., Zoeller, R. F., Torok, D., Costa, P., Hoffman, J. R., ... & O'kroy, J. (2007). Effects of β-alanine supplementation on the onset of neuromuscular fatigue and ventilatory threshold in women. Amino acids,32(3), 381-386.
    20. Smith, A. E., Walter, A. A., Graef, J. L., Kendall, K. L., Moon, J. R., Lockwood, C. M., ... & Stout, J. R. (2009). Effects of β-alanine supplementation and high-intensity interval training on endurance performance and body composition in men; a double-blind trial. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 6(1), 1-9.
    21. Baguet, A., Bourgois, J., Vanhee, L., Achten, E., & Derave, W. (2010). Important role of muscle carnosine in rowing performance. Journal of Applied Physiology, 109(4), 1096-1101.
    22. Trexler, E. T., Smith-Ryan, A. E., Stout, J. R., Hoffman, J. R., Wilborn, C. D., Sale, C., ... & Campbell, B. (2015). International society of sports nutrition position stand: Beta-Alanine. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 12(1), 1-14.
    23. Trudeau, F. (2008). Aspartate as an ergogenic supplement. Sports Medicine, 38(1), 9-16.
    24. Parisi, A., Quaranta, F., Masala, D., Fagnani, F., Di Salvo, V., Casasco, M., & Pigozzi, F. (2007). Do aspartate and asparagine acute supplementation influence the onset of fatigue in intense exercise?. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 47(4), 422.
    25. Norton, L. E., & Layman, D. K. (2006). Leucine regulates translation initiation of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle after exercise. The Journal of nutrition, 136(2), 533S-537S.
    26. Shimomura, Y., Inaguma, A., Watanabe, S., Yamamoto, Y., Muramatsu, Y., Bajotto, G., ... & Mawatari, K. (2010). Branched-chain amino acid supplementation before squat exercise and delayed-onset muscle soreness.International journal of sport nutrition, 20(3), 236.

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